New Yorker article on a potential large earthquake in the Pacific Northwest. "The Really Big One". Read more about Kathryn Schulz on Wikipedia or watch videos with"s…Read more
Through the year, the students of Grades 8 and 9 focussed on spreading awareness among and educating school's helpers in enhancing their English-speaking skills (and children…Read more
From the evidence of this study, it seems that feeling good is not enough. Suggest that they learn more with a sentence like , We have a lot to learn about global warming. To the right, the tall peak of The Matterhorn rose even higher. About conclusions, introductions and conclusions can be difficult to write, but theyre worth investing time. Copyright 1998, Pat Bellanca, for the Writing Center at Harvard University. Ambiguous Adventure, by the Senegalese writer Cheikh Hamidou Kane, might open with the idea that the protagonist's development suggests Kane's belief in the need to integrate Western materialism and Sufi spirituality in modern Senegal. Conclude with a sentence composed mainly of one-syllable words. If you've immersed yourself in your subject, you now know a good deal more about it than you can possibly include in a five- or ten- or 20-page essay. It wraps up your essay, it demonstrates to the reader that you accomplished what you set out. From the left, I could hear the jungle sounds of Adventureland. Famous Ideas, if your paper"s a writer or another source, conclude the paper with words from this source or a description of how he or she might feel about your topic. Conclude by setting your discussion into a different, perhaps larger, context.
For example, you might conclude an essay on the idea of home in James Joyce's short story collection, Dubliners, with information about Joyce's own complex feelings towards Dublin, his home. His example was a torch that lit the way for others. Home writing resources strategies FOR essay writing so much is at stake in writing a conclusion. Simple language can help create an effect of understated drama. Propel your reader to a new view of the subject. As I entered the gate, Main Street stretched before me with its quaint shops evoking an old-fashioned small town so charming it could never have existed. Leave your readers with something to think about. Literacy Education Online,. Jungs wisdom certainly seems to apply to our bodies, if not also to our hearts and minds. Including evidence "tions, statistics, etc.) that should be in the body of the paper.
You may have started by saying, There are three classes at school that I absolutely cant strong conclusions wait to go to every day. Introduction, from the parking lot, I could see the towers of the castle of the Magic Kingdom standing stately against the blue sky. New York: Dover, 1995. Heres the conclusion from "Meaning is Healthier than Happiness" by Emily Esfahani Smith in the. Your conclusion gives your reader something to take away that will help them see things differently or appreciate your topic in personally relevant ways. A brief summary of your argument may be useful, especially if your essay is long-more than ten pages.
Our teachers can help. Essay Structure, so, if we use shapes to demonstrate the essays content, it would look like this: Introduction, thesis statement, body of Essay, rephrased thesis statement. My forty-year-old feet ached, and I felt a bit sad to think that in a couple of days I would be leaving California, my vacation over, to go back to my desk. Strategies to avoid, beginning with an unnecessary, overused phrase such as in conclusion, in summary, or in closing. A more sophisticated commentary, rather than emotional praise, would be a more fitting tribute to the topic. As you develop your ideas or your draft. You may think it would be more dramatic to keep the reader in the dark until the end and then wow him with your main idea, as in a Sherlock Holmes mystery.
Such a conclusion will help them see why all your analysis and information should matter to them after they put the paper down. This conclusion just restates the thesis and is usually painfully short. You might be tempted to use this strategy if you dont want to give everything away too early in your paper. Example: In conclusion, Frederick Douglass was, as we have seen, a pioneer in American education, proving that education was a major force for social change with regard to slavery. To establish a sense of closure, you might do one or more of the following: Conclude by linking the last paragraph to the first, perhaps by reiterating a word or phrase you used at the beginning. For example, if your paper examines the Greensboro sit-ins or another event in the Civil Rights Movement, you could point out its impact on the Civil Rights Movement as a whole. Example: (After a paper that lists numerous incidents from the book but never says what these incidents reveal about Douglass and his views on education So, as the evidence above demonstrates, Douglass saw education as a way to undermine. You may strong conclusions find it hard to leave out details that you discovered after hours of research and thought, but adding random facts and bits of evidence at the end of an otherwise-well-organized essay can just create confusion.
Does happiness lie in feeling good, as hedonists think, or in doing and being good, as Aristotle and his intellectual descendants, the virtue ethicists, think? End on a positive note, your closing sentence should make your readers glad they read your paper. This suggests to your reader that you have accomplished what you set out to accomplish. Well, it was important because it was a key to him feeling like a free and equal citizen Why should anybody care? It does not push the ideas forward.
Remember that its important to wrap up your writing by summarizing the main idea for your readers. If youve already written a fabulous introductory paragraph, you can write something similar with different wording. Zoo animals like polar bears, lions, and giraffes are amazing creatures. Your conclusion should make your readers glad they read your paper. The Sherlock Holmes Conclusion. Introducing a new idea or subtopic in your conclusion. Sometimes writers will state the thesis for the very first time in the conclusion. For example, if you begin by describing a scenario, you can end with the same scenario as proof that your essay is helpful in creating a new understanding.
Return to the theme or themes in the introduction This brings the reader full circle If you begin by describing a scenario, you can end with the same scenario as proof that your essay is helpful in creating a new understanding. For example, Its easy to make your own popsicles. Whenever you make a statement from your conclusion, ask the friend to say, So what? Heres how it might go: You: Basically, Im just saying that education was important to Douglass. Just as your introduction acts as a bridge that transports your readers from their own lives into the place of your analysis, your conclusion can provide a bridge to help your readers make the transition back to their daily lives. In the words of Carl Jung, The least of things with a meaning is worth more in life than the greatest of things without. Structure, a conclusion is the opposite of the introduction. One or more of the following strategies may help you write an effective conclusion: Play the So What Game. Strategies for writing an effective conclusion. Conclude with a sentence that's compound or parallel in structure; such sentences can establish a sense of balance or order that may feel just right at the end of a complex discussion. This brings your writing to a smooth close and creates a well-written piece of work.
Finally, some advice on how not to end an essay: Don't simply summarize your essay. Resist the urge to apologize. Remember that the introduction begins general and ends specific. The conclusion might make the new but related point that the novel on the whole suggests that such an integration is (or isn't) possible. Here are five basic methods for concluding your paper in a way that will leave your reader intrigued and impressed. The America the Beautiful/I Am Woman/We Shall Overcome Conclusion. Parents, does your student need assistance with writing a concluding paragraph? Pull it all together. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Written by Himself. People need meaning to thrive. Disneyland may have been built for children, but it brings out the child in adults. In your conclusion, you should briefly mention each animal again.
When you read a statement from the conclusion, ask yourself, So what? Your supporting sentences should summarize what you have already said in the body of your essay. UNC Libraries citation tutorial. Conclusion, what to include, your conclusion wraps up your essay in a tidy package and brings it home for your reader. But then I smiled to think that for at least a day I felt ten years old again. Rephrase the thesis statement with fresh and deeper understanding. You: Well, it was important because it was a key to him feeling like a free and equal citizen. Conclude by redefining one of the key terms of your argument. With a process of better education, improved political awareness, and more active political participation, young people under the age of twenty-one will have their own diverse and strong voices heard in elections, contributing their energies to social change and forging their own futures. This can redirect your readers thought process and help her to apply your info and ideas to her own life or to see the broader implications.
For example, you might end an essay on nineteenth-century muckraking journalism by linking it to a current news magazine program like 60 Minutes. They can have a significant influence on a readers experience of your paper. And the impression you create in your conclusion will shape the impression that stays with your readers after they've finished the essay. For guidance on formatting citations, please see the. The Grab Bag Conclusion. Conclude by considering the implications of your argument (or analysis or discussion). This often works best in informal papers or papers that use first or second person. Avoid phrases like "in conclusion "to conclude "in summary and "to sum." These phrases can be useful-even welcome-in oral presentations. Works consulted, we consulted these works while writing this handout. Example: Because of the efforts of fine strong conclusions Americans like Frederick Douglass, countless others have seen the shining beacon of light that is education. The above article, "Meaning is Healthier than Happiness does this with Jungs" and Smiths final sentence: In the words of Carl Jung, The least of things with a meaning is worth more in life than the greatest of things without. But shorter essays tend not to require a restatement of your main ideas. Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using.